Palouse Heritage Turkey Red Wheat is the famed hard red winter grain native to the fertile steppes of southeastern Europe and ancestor to a vast range of modern bread wheats. Its name originated because German colonist farmers brought it to the American Midwest in the 1870s from areas once inhabited by Russia’s Turkic peoples. Many of these immigrants went on to settle throughout the Pacific Northwest after a vanguard traveled by wagons in the early 1880s to settle in the Palouse and Big Bend districts.